Concluding StoryMap & Bibliography


Appleby, John. “Pirates, Privateers, and Buccaneers: The Changing Face of English Piracy from the 1650s to the 1720s.” In The Social History of English Seamen, 1650-1815, edited by Cheryl Fury, 213-229. New York: Boydell Press, 2017.

Cordingly, David. Under the Black Flag: The Romance and the Reality of Life Among Pirates. New York: Random House, 1995.

Earle, Peter. The Pirate Wars. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2003.

Hanna, Mark. Pirate Nests and the Rise of the British Empire, 1570-1740. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2015. 

Johnson, Charles. A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the Most Notorious Pyrates. London: T. Warner, 1724.

Norton, Matthew. “Classification and Coercion: The Destruction of Piracy in the English Maritime System.” American Journal of Sociology 119, no. 6 (2014): 1537-1575. doi: 10.1086/676041.

Shrock, Randall. “Alexander Spotswood.” Encyclopedia Virginia. July 25, 2011. (accessed Jul. 14, 2020).

The Virginia Assembly. Acts of the Virginia Assembly, 25 October 1710, October 25, 1710, Legislation., CO 5/1382. The National Archives, Kew.